National Development Plan 2018-2022

Plan Type: National Development Plan

Member State: Iraq

Coverage Period: -

Document Language: English

GOAL 1: No Poverty GOAL 2: Zero Hunger GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being GOAL 4: Quality Education GOAL 5: Gender Equality GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities GOAL 13: Climate Action GOAL 14: Life Below Water Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

National Development Plan 2018-2022

January 2018

The National Development Plan 2018-2022 is the most significant step in Iraq’s sustainable development journey towards a future where it aspires to be a developed country at the economic, political, cultural, social, ecological, psychological and spiritual levels.

Pillars & Objectives

Pillar: Population
  • Give parents the right to decide on the number and frequency of births
  • Facilitate the voluntary return of internally displaced persons to their homes
  • Achieve population stability in rural areas and underdeveloped cities
Pillar: Workforce
  • Reduce unemployment
  • Develop a planning framework for human resources covering more than five years
  • Utilize the demographic window
Pillar: Macroeconomic framework
  • Adjust the public spending structure
  • Diversify public revenues and increase non-oil revenues
  • Address the real deficit in the State budget
  • Improve public finance management
  • Increase private savings
  • Keep inflation at one-digit levels
  • Maintain the Iraqi Dinar stability
  • Enhance disclosure, transparency and monitoring, and establish a governance system in the Iraqi banking sector
  • Enhance financial inclusion
  • Create credit activities that stimulate growth
  • Strengthen the foreign exchange reserves
  • Combat money laundering
  • Activate the role of the Central Bank of Iraq in promoting monetary and financial integration with capital markets, banking and investment institutions, and insurance companies
  • Introduce the information technology into the work of the Central Bank of Iraq
  • Improve the competitiveness of local products
  • Increase the public budget revenues
  • Achieve balance in the balance of payments
  • Strengthen national production
  • Increase commodity exports
  • Maximize agricultural and industrial production
  • Coordinate macroeconomic policies
Pillar: Good governance
  • Strengthen the rule of law, enhance access to justice, and reduce human rights violations
  • Develop the capacities of human rights institutions
  • Improve administrative decentralization and local governance
  • Enhance integrity, accountability and transparency, and reduce financial and administrative corruption
  • Improve administrative units in an effective and efficient way
  • Ensure effective public participation in decision-making
  • Adopt e-governance to replace the current model
Pillar: The private sector and the business and investment environment
  • Increase the contribution of the private sector
  • Improve the business and investment environment
  • Promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises
  • Promote the effective participation of the private sector in reconstruction and development
  • Restructure State-owned enterprises
  • Enhance the private sector governance
Pillar: Post-conflict reconstruction and development
  • Adopt an efficient administrative and financial system that responds to recovery needs, local stabilisation and sustainable peace building
  • Rehabilitate the infrastructure to ensure comprehensive coverage
  • Revive sectoral economic activities and seize available development opportunities
  • Strengthen human immunity against relapse
Pillar: Poverty alleviation
  • Ensure higher and sustainable incomes for the poor
  • Enhance the health situation
  • Improve education for the poor
  • Provide adequate housing and responsive environment
  • Provide effective social protection for the poor
  • Enable and promote the social, economic and political integration of internally displaced persons and returnees in liberated areas
Pillar: Sectoral development
  • Increase the agricultural sector's contribution to the gross domestic product from 4.5 per cent in 2015 to 5.2 per cent in 2022, and achieve a growth rate of 8.4 per cent in the target year
  • Achieve sustainable food security
  • Secure the annual needs for sustainable water uses in the agricultural, industrial and municipal fields, achieve water balance and reduce annual demand by 500 million cubic meters
  • Provide sustainable water resources
  • Increase the production capacity of crude oil to 6.5 million barrels per day
  • Increase the export capacity of crude oil to 5.25 million barrels per day
  • Raise the natural gas production to 3500 million standard cubic feet per day
  • Enhance gas reserves
  • Achieve self-sufficiency and export derivatives by increasing refining capacity to 900,000 barrels per day
  • Increase storage capacity of petroleum products to 2,267 cubic meters
  • Protect the environment from contamination, address environmental problems resulting from existing oil and gas facilities, and reduce carbon dioxide emissions
  • Increase the total electricity production capacity to 20,869 megawatts
  • Increase the per capita electricity consumption to 4,041 kilowatt-hours
  • Improve the electricity system efficiency
  • Improve the quality of consumer services
  • Rationalise electricity consumption in different uses and reduce it by 7 per cent annually
  • Improve the environmental impact of electricity consumption by reducing carbon dioxide emissions
  • Enhance the private sector's role in managing energy production and distribution sectors
  • Enhance the governance of the electricity sector and institutions
  • Increase the contribution of non-oil manufacturing and extraction industries to the gross domestic product by 40 per cent from the baseline year
  • Find alternative sources to finance public projects to use the investment budget funds for strategic projects only
  • Activate the sector-related strategies and upgrade them in line with strategic industrial developments in Iraq until 2030 and with implementation mechanisms
  • Support strategic industries, particularly in liberated areas where minerals and natural gas are key components of industry
  • Establish correlation between manufacturing sectors and others and involve the private sector to benefit from its potential
  • Advance geological surveys to develop an integrated map of Iraq’s mineral resources and turn them into investment opportunities
  • Raise the capacity of existing ports and shipping routes to 23 million tons per year
  • Complete the initial and immediate structures by constructing the Al Faw Grand Port
  • Promote the private sector's contribution to the implementation and operation of port services
  • Strengthen the role of the national maritime carrier in Iraqi trade
  • Support the private sector's participation in maritime transport
  • Improve the national carrier performance by building partnership with a renowned global operator
  • Support the private sector's participation in maritime transport
  • Improve the efficiency of passenger transport
  • Develop the private sector's participation in the transport sector
  • Strengthen public transport through management and operational partnerships with renowned operators
  • Strengthen the private sector's participation in implementing the comprehensive long-term and short-term transport plan and activating partnerships with the public sector
  • Join international transport agreements and sign agreements with neighbouring countries
  • Upgrade and develop railways and increase their operational capacity
  • Improve the level of service delivery
  • Enhance Iraq's location as a hub between the East and the West
  • Enhance the private sector's participation and foreign investment
  • Expand the road network
  • Build a modern maintenance system for the entire road network
  • Implement an integrated traffic control system
  • Increase the contribution of the telecommunications sector to the gross domestic product
  • Meet the demand for services with competitive prices and good quality
  • Keep pace with the rapid development of telecommunications and informatics
  • Provide access for all
  • Create a safe and informative environment for communications
  • Secure the strategic storage of basic crops
  • Enhance the private sector's contribution to the management, maintenance and operation of silos
  • Complete the ongoing and suspended residential projects, estimated at 700,000 housing units, in all provinces except Kurdistan
  • Build 100,000 housing units using modern construction techniques to contribute to bridging the housing gap in all provinces, including those affected by terrorist and military operations
  • Build 100,000 housing units in accordance with the 2017 National Plan for Reconstruction and Development of affected provinces to facilitate the return of persons who were displaced due to terrorist attacks, military operations, informal settlements and transgressors
  • Raise 50 per cent of real estate financing from private sector investments to bridge the housing gap based on feasibility studies that are supported by Building Information Modelling designs
  • Provide drinking water according to international standards
  • Improve the quality of drinking water
  • Minimize water loss by at least 10 per cent from the baseline year
  • Promote Iraqi culture among social groups
  • Enhance investments in cultural activities
  • Increase the contribution of tourism to the gross domestic product
  • Preserve the historical and cultural heritage and revive historical landmarks
  • Improve the private sector's investments in tourism
Pillar: Spatial development
  • Reduce development disparities among provinces
  • Develop rural structures
  • Improve the hierarchy of urban systems and renew urban centres
  • Activate urban management and organize cities
  • Integrate different transport systems, improve the inter-province transport system and develop urban transport
  • Reinforce decentralization and power delegation, and manage development among provinces
Pillar: Human and social development
  • Increase enrolment rates in pre-university cycles
  • Provide buildings and supplies needed to accommodate the target number of students
  • Improve the educational system efficiency
  • Provide educational services and create an attractive school environment
  • Adopt technologies to modernize educational curricula
  • Strengthen the contribution of vocational education to development
  • Develop administrative governance at schools
  • Develop educational and social guidance, and enhance healthcare at schools
  • Modernize examination and evaluation
  • Support literacy projects
  • Revive educational institutions affected by terrorism
  • Enhance cohesion and positive values in education
  • Improve the international ranking of Iraqi universities
  • Develop academic quality at Iraqi universities
  • Enhance partnerships with the private sector
  • Reconstruct and rehabilitate universities in the liberated areas
  • Improve and modernize the health system
  • Improve the health prevention system
  • Develop the health information management
  • Improve mechanisms for healthcare delivery
  • Apply administrative governance in the health sector
  • Reduce communicable and non-communicable diseases
  • Reconstruct and rehabilitate health institutions in the areas affected by terrorism
  • Maximize financial resources and develop health economics
  • Empower women in the educational sector
  • Empower women in the economic sector
  • Empower women in the health sector
  • Empower women in the areas affected by terrorist acts
  • Expand the participation of women in the private sector
  • Implement national youth policies, plans and strategies
  • Create an enabling environment for youth
  • Reduce the number of people with disabilities and special needs
  • Improve institutional services to empower persons with disabilities and special needs
  • Improve community awareness of people with disabilities and special needs and their participation in education at primary and secondary levels
  • Reduce child labour
  • Reduce violence against children
  • Reduce the number of juvenile offenders
  • Reduce addiction to drugs, alcohol and smoking
  • Reduce early marriage for women
  • Rehabilitate the infrastructure and integrate vulnerable groups in areas affected by terrorism
  • Improve the quality of life
Pillar: Environmental sustainability
  • Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation services
  • Reduce air pollution and its impacts
  • Protect, restore and increase the sustainable use of ecological systems
  • Address climate change and its effects